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1. In the following situations, state the likelihood that a
claim of negligence could be substantiated. Do you have enough
information to make this determination? If so, identify the person
or persons whom you think might be held liable. If not , determine
the additional information that you might need to make a
decision.

A. A patient has had recent surgery to repair a torn rotator
cuff. The PT instructs the PTA to progress the exercises “as
tolerated,” and the PTA has the patient start exercises using
resistance. When the patient returns to the physician for a
follow-up exam, the physician informs him that the repair does not
appear to have been successful.

B. A patient has sustained a hip fracture and is not allowed to
bear weight through the involved lower extremity, but he has
difficulty maintaining his non-weight-bearing status during
activity. While ambulating in physical therapyhe frequently puts
his full weight onto his involved leg despite being reminded not to
do so. The patient later needs a hip replacement due to the
fracture not healing properly.

C. A patient performing stabilization exercises on a ball falls
to the ground and breaks a wrist when the ball suddenly
ruptures

D. A patient in the clinic parking lot slips and falls, hitting
his head and sustaining a cut that requires stitches.